Political polarization in voting is the adverse effect when political parties that have equal influence on the process of law approval cannot come to one decision. It results in substantial delays in law passing or even in the impossibility of adopting legislation. In the U.S., Republicans, and Democrats, two main parties, usually have difficulty finding a compromise because of political polarization. In contrast, in Peru, there are a number of political parties that have to form coalitions to pass a law. This paper will examine differences between same-party voters and how this division in the U.S. might apply to Peru.
Discussion of Differences Between Same Party Voters and Polarization in Peru
It is known that even members of the party may have different mindsets. Despite the fact that mostly, each member is informally obligated to support any decision of the party, certain political polarization is present not only between parties but even between members of the same party. For example, the republican party has a few democratic mainstays and a significant portion of stressed sideliners (Beyond Red vs. Blue: The Political Typology, 2020). At the same time, the democratic party has a small portion of populist right representatives and even a few committed conservatives. Such division, which often results in constraints with passing legislation, can be applied to the existing parties in Peru. As there are many of them, such parties can comprise representatives with the same mindset only. However, overall, it still results in a certain level of political polarization and division of opinions that interfere with constructive law discussing and passing.
Political polarization is a frequent issue that arises than parties have difficulty finding a common solution, which results in the impossibility of passing legislation. Polarization is prevalent between the U.S. parties, despite them having members with different mindsets. However, Peru, which has many distinct small parties, is not deprived of political polarization, raised because of the discrepancy in opinions between unions of parties.
Beyond Red vs. Blue: The Political Typology. (2020). PewResearch. Web.