Democracy is a political philosophy that enhances the optimal inclusivity of all citizens in the growth and development of a country. The initiative empowers the citizens to exercise apt distribution and balance of power through voting rights. However, democracy is also a platform that renders the dynamic political participation approaches within a country. In chapter 8, Smith (2018) articulates that it is the responsibility of citizens to significantly exploit the different access points through the political leaders to attain the core advantage. An excellent example is the American government system that involves an intersection of separation of powers, bicameralism, and federalism, thus elevating the distinct avenues to foster attention across the administrative framework. The American anomaly is a multidimensional phenomenon whose apt use of democratic initiative contributes to diversifying the core ideological political participation mainframe.
Over the decades, citizens utilized dynamic methodologies to intensify their involvement in the governance structure. In Chapter 8, Smith (2018) depicts that the two dimensions in political participation among citizens enshrine conventional and unconventional. The overview significantly contributes to the profound necessity of boosting citizens’ involvement to promote equality. However, there are challenges with the structural issues in a nation’s administrative functions. On the one hand, conventional means of political participation focus on exercising voting rights, hence giving a voice to the dynamic populace. On the other hand, the unconventional aspect of political participation focuses on the ideological political protests whose variations pose different responses from the government. It is the responsibility of the government to promote peaceful coexistence while practicing measures promoting equality.
Although the conventional aspect of political participation focuses on power distribution, there is a profound challenge within the implementation spectrum. According to Smith (2018) in chapter 10, there is a proficient margin arising from the lack of participation among the American citizens in the election process. Chapter 10 research by Smith (2018), indicates that there is lesser voting from the minorities than from the Whites, an issue that attributes to the biased platform in the political representation. Therefore, there is a necessity to foster the unconventional aspects among the citizens through peaceful protests and activism. Violent activism prompts the police to engage in neutralizing the participants due to the risk of significant property damage and loss of lives. As a result, the interdependence between conventional and unconventional perspectives proficiently contributes to democracy in a country despite the socio-cultural, economic, and political diversity.
The effectiveness of a democratic movement lies in the ability of all citizens to participate in the political moves. The investment in the endeavor fosters a profound change in governance due to the influential outlier that focuses on the ideological spectrum of equal rights. In chapter 10, Smith (2018) stipulates different countries utilize dynamic policy frameworks concerning democracy, hence the governance system’s dynamic impact. It is highly effective in the U.S mainly because of the optimal structures based on assigned roles and accountability. An excellent example is a distinction between federal and state administrations. The aspect renders the identification of a sovereign state among the different organs of the government. Despite the risk of controversies, such as the legalization of marijuana that is active in some states while the federal government considers the drug trade illegal, the definitive organs of the governance system significantly contribute to democracy.
In a different spectrum, political parties significantly contribute to the effect of promoting equality despite the arising concerns on representation. Since establishing a multiparty system in the American government, the anomaly emerged based on the two major political parties, Republicans and Democrats (Smith, 2018 Chapter 10). The aspect fostered a profound initiative concerning identifying the vital needs and aspects. On the one hand, republicans focus on conservatism based on the retention of the status quo. On the other hand, democrats ensure the advocacy for liberalism, hence promoting change in the distinctive formative aspects. The political party system in America features two parties, mainly in the election race. The initiative prevalently emerged as an anomaly in the country, aligning citizens’ interests across the two marginal approaches, liberalism and conservatism. A multiparty system plays a significant role in decentralizing power and providing various political-based opinions among its counterparts. Therefore, the U.S two-party system is an issue that attributes to monopolization and hence the risk of bias among the entities with a lack of representation for individuals with divergent perspectives.
Different perspectives define democracy and its significance in elevating the role of citizens in the governance of a country. According to chapter 7, Dalton (2015) depicts that the constitutional foundations steer the trust between the citizens and the authorities. In this case, individuals consider a marginal boundary between government agents’ duties and the citizens’ obligations. The distinction contributes to the adept consideration of redefining democracy as a formative aspect of satisfying the needs of the constituents. Dalton (2015) argues that the optimal comprehension of democracy lies in the overview of the spectral principles. The cornerstones of democracy enshrine freedom of speech, assembly, association, right to equality, voting rights, right to liberty, life, minority rights, and right to citizenship. Primarily, it is the responsibility of the government to establish institutions that ensure the enforcement of the regulatory framework mainly because of the steering essence of democracy.
The advocacy for equal rights among people is an issue that promotes social unity and cohesion. Apart from the bond, the government attains proficiency in the effective implementation of growth and development policies within the region. Chapter 7 context by Dalton (2015) indicates an interdependent relationship between citizenship trust and democracy. The researcher postulates that good citizenship lies in building a trustworthy relationship with the authority and avoiding the violation of the law. However, it is challenging for the personnel to focus on adhering to the law without democratic practice. As a result, Dalton (2015) postulates that a significant percentage of American citizens seek the unconventional aspect of political participation to fight for equality. Notably, it is critical to establish the core factors that enhance the citizens’ trust in the institutions and the feeling of national pride. According to Smith (2018), political participation is an obligation to the citizens. However, the various approaches to engaging render different responses from the government. In this case, the comparative framework on democracy justifies America’s right or wrong perception along the gradient of equality and constitutionally-founded principles.
Under the spectrum of Tocqueville’s footsteps, there is an influential baseline between American civilization and liberation. In chapter 8, Dalton (2015) establishes that the core factor that impacts social equality and governance is the determination of religiosity and liberation. In this case, the researcher articulates that, on the one hand, Christianity significantly offsets the profound concept of an imbalanced quotient through distinctive economic policy. On the other hand, liberty focuses on the relative comparison between the government’s initiative and citizenship. Therefore, the relationship between the citizens and government is mediated by the profound necessity of trust. The lack of trust among the entities risks misinformation and poor response from the dynamic counterparts. American civilization is an essential spectrum to the definition of the spirit of unity. According to Smith (2018), the critical aspect of democratic practice enshrines promoting equal opportunities and treatment by law enforcement agencies. Nevertheless, such ideologies as religiosity and liberty trigger the distinctive construct into the definitive aspect of civilization based on the socio-cultural, economic, and political domains.
Two facets contribute to the concept of citizenship in the American regional domain mainly because of the profound structural foundation. In chapter 9, Dalton (2015) postulates that it is the administration’s mandate to contribute to the balancing of the political culture to promote social equity and cohesion. However, the efficacy varies based on the distinctive elements between the naturalized and natural-born faces of citizenship. Dalton (2015) depicts that the two faces contribute to the tug of war based on the justified platform for the citizens to practice certain rights against the foreigners whose citizenship is through different aspects. A different issue that attributes to the difficulty in promoting social equity and political culture is the comprehension among the millennials. According to Dalton (2015), the millennials demonstrate a significant aspect of the distinction of Tocqueville engulfing American civilization and religiosity. Ideally, the millennials focus on protesting for American civilization against the concerns for religious beliefs and norms hence rendering the conventional and unconventional roles in the political participation.
Different nations utilize dynamic political philosophies to establish a government and implement constitutional laws. However, a vital challenge emerges across the construct of democracy. Democracy promotes equality and the ability of the citizens to dictate the influential value of leadership. In this case, Smith (2018) indicates the attribution of political participation as an emblem of effective governance. Further, the researcher exploits the significance of political parties in the advocacy of equality, justifying the connection between structural and liberal democracy. Notably, the main goal emanates from the distinctive framework as the absolution of power is enhancing the citizens’ political rights practice through conventional and unconventional methodologies.
The American democracy is a multifaceted phenomenon that involves the interplay of critical stakeholders in the governance system. One of the factors that indicate the importance of democracy is federalism. It is the conditional aspect of dividing the organs and functions based on national and state interests. Therefore, Dalton (2015) indicates that the shift in the norm involves the interplay between American civilization concept, democracy, and religious frameworks. Federalism focuses on implementing national policies and advocating citizens’ involvement in political activities. However, the spectrum also renders the sovereignty of individual states hence the capacity to implement laws based on the communities’ interests. Federalism is an initiative within the democratic mainframe that aptly contributes to promoting social equity and distribution of accrued benefits across the various economic entities.
There are distinct consequences of citizenship within a country mainly because of the legal obligations that involve political participation and sociological and economic engagements. An excellent example is the obligation of an adult American citizen to vote during the election as a legal and social necessity. It is advantageous to the committed personnel while posing optimal drawbacks from the lack of involvement in the election. Smith (2018) argues that the issue that fosters the underrepresentation of minorities entails the lack of insight concerning the importance of voting rights as a democratic initiative. As a result, the Whites significantly participate in the voting process, thus increasing the percentage of the Whites in leadership. The paradigm shift in the American civilization involved the establishment of core practices rendering equal opportunities and voice across all communities despite the demographic differences. Therefore, the positive consequential attribute among the Americans entails participating in the voting and the non-violent unconventional political participation to improve the governance structure and inclusivity in developmental agendas.
Succinctly, democracy is a multidimensional phenomenon that aptly influences citizens and government coordination. Different administrative structures foster dynamic impact on the involvement and inclusivity of the stakeholders. One of the countries that adeptly uses democracy as the pillar of socio-cultural, economic, and political domains is America. However, various entities affect the interdependence between civilization, religiosity, and liberty. It is the responsibility of all shareholders in the governance system to focus on incorporating vital strategies that enhance unity and peaceful coexistence. Although the emergence of the two major political parties highly influenced the philosophical approaches to development agendas, the perspective fostered intensified construction of trust and reliance on institutions’ capacity to perform and deliver. Ideally, the American spirit establishes that there is no right or wrong due to the importance of inclusivity of all citizens despite the socio-cultural background. The American anomaly involves the definitive aspect of democrats and republican parties focusing on liberation and conservatism. Americans are structured into the ideologies of the two major parties mainly during the voting season as a democratic right.
Dalton, R. J. (2015). The good citizen: How a younger generation is reshaping American politics. C.Q. press.
Smith, R. A. (2018). The American anomaly: U.S. politics and government in comparative perspective. Routledge.