The eight millennium development goals are central and the top priority objectives of the global community represented by international organizations, such as the World Bank. It is important to note that these aims are of critical purpose since achievements and works need to be done in each of them simultaneously, and human prosperity is unobtainable without ensuring growth and development in all these eight areas.
The eight millennium development goals are milestones, which need to be reached in order to ensure the prosperity and positive future for the global society and the planet. The first goal is to “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger,” which are highly impactful issues among the most disadvantaged nations of the world (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The second aim is to “achieve universal primary education,” which is a key starting point for establishing a globally educated society (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The third objective is to “promote gender equality and empower women,” which will enable a world where half of the population is no longer vulnerable due to socio-cultural barriers (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The fourth goal is to “reduce child mortality,” where it ensures that human beings will not experience the most critical stages early on in their lives (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1).
The fifth goal is to “improve maternal health,” which goes in alignment with the latter goal, where the focus of care on vulnerability is put on both the mother and child (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The sixth aim is to “combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases,” where the intention is to eliminate health and life threats, which are not chronic, lifestyle-based, or age-related diseases (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The seventh objective is to “ensure environmental sustainability,” which promotes preservation and sustainability (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). The eighth goal is to “develop a global partnership for development,” which focuses on international collaborative effort in order to achieve the common aims through unification (The World Bank, 2021, para. 1). Unlike a standard market approach, the goals are usually focused on assets, which cannot be realistically valued through the market forces and asset price comparisons (Hite & Seitz, 2016). Therefore, these goals are critical to pursue and achieve at least some level of progress since they are globally important.
Globalization is a newly emerging phenomenon, where major corporate entities and organizations become influential on the international scale, which leads to tighter interconnectedness of the global population. The positive effects of globalization are mainly focused on collaboration and unification of the global population through the creation of global culture and identity. For example, human rights promotion and environmental protection are mainly driven by globalization (Hite & Seitz, 2016). However, the negative aspects revolve around nation inequality and loss of autonomy among weaker and poorer countries. Globalization enables more active and intrusive domination of more powerful countries, where the disadvantaged ones become even more susceptible to various forms of annexations, invasions, or takeovers. For example, a powerful nation can take over the economy of a less developed one by flooding its market with its multinational enterprises.
In conclusion, the eight millennium development goals are key aims for ensuring the global prosperity of the planet and its entirety of inhabitants. Globalization is a process of tighter interconnectedness of the global population through the growing influence of organizations and enterprises, and it can bring both negative and positive changes. Globalization might come with certain drawbacks, such as pandemics, but it mostly benefits the global society through unification and cooperation towards the eight millennium goals.
Hite, K. A., & Seitz, J. L. (2016). Global issues: An introduction (5th ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.
The World Bank. (2021). Millennium development goals. The World Bank.