A political project is a special type of political and managerial activity aimed at correcting the behavior of actors in this process and optimizing political development in the future. As a result, policy direction is developed that aims to benefit the stakeholders and society at large. The political project encompasses the basic elements of planning and forecasting, being one of the integral stages of public policy development, and in technological terms acts as a direct tool for its formation.
Political project is preceded by an analysis of the political situation based on sociological research, the study of the socio-political picture in the context of regions and the country as a whole, and an assessment of the expectations and moods of the population. Then comes the stage of goal-setting; after that, the result is projected, and mechanisms for implementing and achieving the desired outcome are developed.
There are several periods in the proposal of any political project. The political project proposal begins with the pre-project period that consists of two stages – the conceptual stage and the project development stage (Colebatch, 2020). The conceptual stage usually takes about 3-5% of the time of the entire project, and 25% of the time is spent on the project development stage (Colebatch, 2020). At the conceptual stage, an idea of a new policy appears. It is thought over and discussed, gradually turning into a project concept. Several alternative concepts of the same project can be born based on an idea, but after discussions and elaboration, only one concept remains, which forms the basis for the project proposal. At this stage, the concept is formed, the necessary data is collected, the goal and objectives of the project are set, the feasibility of the project is investigated, and the required resources are determined.
After the project implementation period, a final evaluation of the effectiveness of the project proposal is carried out, and, if necessary, substantive and financial reports are compiled. It is during this period that it is possible to make a judgment about the prospective success or failure of the political project proposal and to draw conclusions for the future. At the same time, this period also requires operational planning. If it is assumed that after the completion of the project, its results will be brought to life by the political actors, personnel pieces of training are elaborated to effectively apply the political project’s results.
The best way to present the information to stakeholders is to show the impact of a prospective political project on citizens’ life. By making changes easy to grasp and tangible, political analysts impact the emotional side of an issue presenting a project to the public (Colebatch, 2020). However, since political projects, as a rule, involve the use of governmental resources, detailed financial statements must be presented to show the detailed allocation of funds and the sources of their origin. For political projects, costs should be carefully measured against the benefits to show stakeholders that the project is viable and cost-effective. Moreover, elements of competition as to the best contractor should be introduced where no single organization is specifically designated for project implementation. In cases where a political project can be implemented by several entities, it is essential to consider prospective contractors in terms of the effectiveness and reliability of their work as well as the political feasibility of the results they promise to achieve.
Colebatch, H. K. (2020). Mapping the work of policy. In Beyond the policy cycle. Routledge, pp. 1-19.